The Paleolithic or “Paleo” diet, commonly also referred to as the caveman diet. The diet tries to solve 21st-century problems by encouraging people to eat like they did more than 2 million years ago during the Paleolithic era. It originated from the realisation that human biology and anatomy have remained largely unchanged since the Stone Age.
People in the stone age didn’t have specialised tools. So they had to focus on hunting, fishing, and scavenging for edible plants.
According to the paleo philosophy, common diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. These are reduced as a result of this way of eating. The paleo guidelines state that you can eat meat, fish, eggs, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds, as they are unprocessed animal and plant foods.
Processed foods, sugar, dairy products, and grains are forbidden. Though some versions allow dairy and rice.
In this post, we will take a look at health benefits of the paleo diet, and see what the evidence says.
Health Benefits of the Paleo diet
- May aid in weight loss
The paleo diet restricts eating processed foods, and by default lowers the intake of carbohydrates. Both of these combined, can aid in weight loss. A number of studies have shown the diet to be beneficial for weight loss and waist circumference   .
- May lower risk of diabetes or manage symptoms
Since paleo diets are low in carbohydrates, the pancreas produces less insulin. This hormone pushes sugars to be pushed into tissues such as muscle, where they can be used for energy.
According to research, as the body produces less insulin, it becomes more resistant to it, increasing the efficacy of insulin. As a result, the body becomes less insulin resistant, which reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes or makes helps to manage the symptoms  .
- Protects the heart
There are some studies that show paleo diet to reduce total cholesterol and blood pressure. Both factors contributing towards cardiovascular disease. This benefit derived from the type of foods that you should always avoid.  .
- May reduce risk of depression
The paleo diet encourages people to eat healthier. This excludes processed foods and foods that include gluten. Eating healthier improves mental health and reduces the risk of depression. There are a number of studies that prove this  .
- Improves energy
Paleo diet improves energy levels by eating carbohydrates with a low glycaemic index. When you eat carbohydrates, your energy levels are more likely to fluctuate. Eating low-sugar, healthy carbs, on the other hand, reduces these variations, allowing you to sustain a steady level of energy for longer. .
The paleo diet is a brilliant way to get people to eat healthy and make better decisions. This involves consuming non-processed foods with a moderate carbohydrate content. This has a range of advantages, including weight loss, improved heart health, and much more. The research is still in its early stages, and further work needs to be done to draw conclusions about the benefits, but as you’ve seen, the studies are promising.